Lab-on-PCB and Flow Driving: A Critical Review
|Author/s||Perdigones Sánchez, Francisco|
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ingeniería Electrónica|
|Abstract||Lab-on-PCB devices have been developed for many biomedical and biochemical applications.
However, much work has to be done towards commercial applications. Even so, the
research on devices of this kind is rapidly increasing. ...
Lab-on-PCB devices have been developed for many biomedical and biochemical applications. However, much work has to be done towards commercial applications. Even so, the research on devices of this kind is rapidly increasing. The reason for this lies in the great potential of lab-on-PCB devices to provide marketable devices. This review describes the active flow driving methods for lab-on-PCB devices, while commenting on their main characteristics. Among others, the methods described are the typical external impulsion devices, that is, syringe or peristaltic pumps; pressurized microchambers for precise displacement of liquid samples; electrowetting on dielectrics; and electroosmotic and phase-change-based flow driving, to name a few. In general, there is not a perfect method because all of them have drawbacks. The main problems with regard to marketable devices are the complex fabrication processes, the integration of many materials, the sealing process, and the use of many facilities for the PCB-chips. The larger the numbers of integrated sensors and actuators in the PCB-chip, the more complex the fabrication. In addition, the flow driving-integrated devices increase that difficulty. Moreover, the biological applications are demanding. They require transparency, biocompatibility, and specific ambient conditions. All the problems have to be solved when trying to reach repetitiveness and reliability, for both the fabrication process and the working of the lab-on-PCB, including the flow driving system.
|Citation||Perdigones Sánchez, F. (2021). Lab-on-PCB and Flow Driving: A Critical Review. Micromachines, 12 (2). Article number 175.|
|Lab-on-PCB and Flow Driving.pdf||28.19Mb||[PDF]||View/|