Photoperiod controls vegetation phenology across Africa
Rodríguez Galiano, Víctor Francisco
Aktinson, Peter M.
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Geografía Física y Análisis Geográfico Regional|
|Abstract||Vegetation phenology is driven by environmental factors such as photoperiod, precipitation, temperature, insolation, and nutrient availability. However, across Africa, there’s ambiguity about these drivers, which can lead ...
Vegetation phenology is driven by environmental factors such as photoperiod, precipitation, temperature, insolation, and nutrient availability. However, across Africa, there’s ambiguity about these drivers, which can lead to uncertainty in the predictions of global warming impacts on terrestrial ecosystems and their representation in dynamic vegetation models. Using satellite data, we undertook a systematic analysis of the relationship between phenological parameters and these drivers. The analysis across different regions consistently revealed photoperiod as the dominant factor controlling the onset and end of vegetation growing season. Moreover, the results suggest that not one, but a combination of drivers control phenological events. Consequently, to enhance our predictions of climate change impacts, the role of photoperiod should be incorporated into vegetation-climate and ecosystem modelling. Furthermore, it is necessary to define clearly the responses of vegetation to interactions between a consistent photoperiod cue and inter-annual variation in other drivers, especially under a changing climate.
|Citation||Adole, T., Dash, J., Rodríguez Galiano, V.F. y Aktinson, P.M. (2019). Photoperiod controls vegetation phenology across Africa. Communications Biology, 2 (1), 1-13.|