A Review of Membrane Computing Models for Complex Ecosystems and a Case Study on a Complex Giant Panda System
Valencia Cabrera, Luis
Pérez Jiménez, Mario de Jesús
|Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación e Inteligencia Artificial
|Ecosystem modelling based on membrane computing is emerging as a powerful way to study the dynamics of (real) ecological
populations. *ese models, providing distributed parallel devices, have shown a great potential to ...
Ecosystem modelling based on membrane computing is emerging as a powerful way to study the dynamics of (real) ecological populations. *ese models, providing distributed parallel devices, have shown a great potential to imitate the rich features observed in the behaviour of species and their interactions and key elements to understand and model ecosystems. Compared with differential equations, membrane computing models, also known as P systems, can model more complex biological phenomena due to their modularity and their ability to enclose the evolution of different environments and simulate, in parallel, different interrelated processes. In this paper, a comprehensive survey of membrane computing models for ecosystems is given, taking a giant panda ecosystem as an example to assess the model performance. *is work aims at modelling a number of species using P systems with different membrane structure types to predict the number of individuals depending on parameters such as reproductive rate, mortality rate, and involving processes as rescue or release. Firstly, the computing models are introduced conceptually, describing the main elements constituting the syntax of these systems and explaining the semantics of the rules involved. Next, various modelled species (including endangered animals, plants, and bacteria) are summarized, and some computer tools are presented. *en, a discussion follows on the use of P systems for ecosystem modelling. Finally, a case study on giant pandas in Chengdu Base is analysed, concluding that the study in this field by using PDP systems can provide a valuable tool to deepen into the knowledge about the evolution of the population. *is could ultimately help in the decision-making processes of the managers of the ecosystem to increase the species diversity and modify the adaptability. Besides, the impacts of natural disasters on the population dynamics of the species should also be considered. *e analysis performed throughout the paper has taken into consideration this fact in order to increase the reliability of the prospects making use of the models designed.
|Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO). España
|Duan, Y., Rong, H., Qi, D., Valencia Cabrera, L., Zhang, G. y Pérez Jiménez, M.d.J. (2020). A Review of Membrane Computing Models for Complex Ecosystems and a Case Study on a Complex Giant Panda System. Complexity, 2020 (Article ID 1312824)