The Ubiquitin Proteasome System in Neuromuscular Disorders: Moving Beyond Movement
Alonso Bellido, Isabel María
Real, Luis Miguel
Pérez Villegas, Eva María
Venero Recio, José Luis
Armengol, José Ángel
Ruiz Laza, Rocío
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular|
|Abstract||Neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) affect 1 in 3000 people worldwide. There are more than 150 different types of NMDs, where the common feature is the loss of muscle strength. These disorders are classified according to their ...
Neuromuscular disorders (NMDs) affect 1 in 3000 people worldwide. There are more than 150 different types of NMDs, where the common feature is the loss of muscle strength. These disorders are classified according to their neuroanatomical location, as motor neuron diseases, peripheral nerve diseases, neuromuscular junction diseases, and muscle diseases. Over the years, numerous studies have pointed to protein homeostasis as a crucial factor in the development of these fatal diseases. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) plays a fundamental role in maintaining protein homeostasis, being involved in protein degradation, among other cellular functions. Through a cascade of enzymatic reactions, proteins are ubiquitinated, tagged, and translocated to the proteasome to be degraded. Within the ubiquitin system, we can find three main groups of enzymes: E1 (ubiquitin-activating enzymes), E2 (ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes), and E3 (ubiquitin-protein ligases). Only the ubiquitinated proteins with specific chain linkages (such as K48) will be degraded by the UPS. In this review, we describe the relevance of this system in NMDs, summarizing the UPS proteins that have been involved in pathological conditions and neuromuscular disorders, such as Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA), Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), or Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), among others. A better knowledge of the processes involved in the maintenance of proteostasis may pave the way for future progress in neuromuscular disorder studies and treatments.
|Citation||Bachiller, S., Alonso Bellido, I.M., Real, L.M., Pérez Villegas, E.M., Venero Recio, J.L., Deierborg, T.,...,Ruiz Laza, R. (2020). The Ubiquitin Proteasome System in Neuromuscular Disorders: Moving Beyond Movement. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 21 (17), 6429-.|
|The Ubiquitin Proteasome System.pdf||676.8Kb||[PDF]||View/|