Opened Access Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Fusarium

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Autor: Ávalos Cordero, Francisco Javier
Pardo Medina, Javier
Parra Rivero, Obdulia
Ruger Herreros, María Macarena
Rodríguez Ortiz, Luis Roberto
Hornero Méndez, Dámaso
Departamento: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Genética
Fecha: 2017
Publicado en: Journal of Fungi, 3 (3), 1-16.
Tipo de documento: Artículo
Resumen: Many fungi of the genus Fusarium stand out for the complexity of their secondary metabolism. Individual species may differ in their metabolic capacities, but they usually share the ability to synthesize carotenoids, a family of hydrophobic terpenoid pigments widely distributed in nature. Early studies on carotenoid biosynthesis in Fusarium aquaeductuum have been recently extended in Fusarium fujikuroi and Fusarium oxysporum, well-known biotechnological and phytopathogenic models, respectively. The major Fusarium carotenoid is neurosporaxanthin, a carboxylic xanthophyll synthesized from geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate through the activity of four enzymes, encoded by the genes carRA, carB, carT and carD. These fungi produce also minor amounts of β-carotene, which may be cleaved by the CarX oxygenase to produce retinal, the rhodopsin’s chromophore. The genes needed to produce retinal are organized in a gene cluster with a rhodopsin gene, while other carotenoid genes are not linked...
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Cita: Ávalos Cordero, F.J., Pardo Medina, J., Parra Rivero, O., Ruger Herreros, M.M., Rodríguez Ortiz, L.R. y Hornero Méndez, D. (2017). Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Fusarium. Journal of Fungi, 3 (3), 1-16.
Tamaño: 3.170Mb
Formato: PDF

URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11441/64035

DOI: 10.3390/jof3030039

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