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La Ley del Efecto y el origen de la conducta


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Opened Access La Ley del Efecto y el origen de la conducta
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Author: Arias Holgado, Mª Francisca
Fernández Serra, Francisco
Benjumea Rodríguez, Santiago
Department: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Psicología Experimental
Date: 2012
Published in: Apuntes de Psicología, 30 (1-3), 275-288.
Document type: Article
Abstract: El Análisis Experimental de la Conducta (AEC) puede considerarse uno de los herederos naturales de la tradición iniciada por Thorndike en 1898. Aspectos recogidos en la Ley del Efecto, tales como la selección y el mantenimiento de la conducta, han s...
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Experimental Analysis of Behavior (EAB) can be considered one of the natural inheritors of the tradition initiated by Thorndike in 1898. Aspects reflected in the Law of Effect, such as behaviour selection and maintenance, have been greatly taken into consideration by behaviour analysts, thus becoming a traditional and fundamental field of study for EAB. However, and in contrast with this, EAB is frequently accused of rarely considering –or even rejecting and abandoning – the problems of the origin, novelty and variation in behaviour. In this article we review some theoretical approaches that, within EAB, have studied this supposedly abandoned aspect of the Law of Effect. Principles proposed by these theories in order to explain behavioural novelty and variation are also presented. The revision begins with Thorndike and Skinner´s initial proposals about the origin of behaviour, moving on to the most recent selection approaches refered to novel and complex behaviour.
Cite: Arias Holgado, M.F., Fernández Serra, F. y Benjumea Rodríguez, S. (2012). La Ley del Efecto y el origen de la conducta. Apuntes de Psicología, 30 (1-3), 275-288.
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