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Refractive or diffractive interpretation of heavy-ion elastic scattering


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Opened Access Refractive or diffractive interpretation of heavy-ion elastic scattering

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Author: Madurga Lacalle, Gonzalo
Jadraque Alonso, Antonio
Lozano Leyva, Manuel Luis
Department: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear
Date: 1981
Document type: Article
Abstract: A characteristic pattern frequently observed in the angular distribution of heavy-ion elastic scattering at moderate energies above the Coulomb barrier has been attributed either to a Fresnel diffraction or to a rainbow effect. We propose a comparison between the strong absorption radius Rsa and the rainbow radius Rr at different energies, which may have some relevance on deciding whether the absorptive or the refractive interpretation is to be preferred. Despite the difficulties in the exact determination of these two distances, an analytical expression for their energy dependence is found empirically by analyzing data of fifteen pairs of heavy ions. According to this criterion the center-of-mass energy, above which refraction prevails over absorption, is proportional to Z1Z2. NUCLEAR SCATTERING Optical and diffraction models, rainbow refraction of heavy ions.
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.23.1536

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