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Dipolar origin of the gas-liquid coexistence of the hard-core 1:1 electrolyte model


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Opened Access Dipolar origin of the gas-liquid coexistence of the hard-core 1:1 electrolyte model

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Author: Romero Enrique, José Manuel
Rull Fernández, Luis Felipe
Panagiotopoulos, Athanassios Z.
Department: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear
Date: 2002
Published in: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 66 (4) 041204/1-041204/10
Document type: Article
Abstract: We present a systematic study of the effect of the ion pairing on the gas-liquid phase transition of hard-core 1:1 electrolyte models. We study a class of dipolar dimer models that depend on a parameter Rc , the maximum separation between the ions that compose the dimer. This parameter can vary from s6 that corresponds to the tightly tethered dipolar dimer model to Rc!` that corresponds to the Stillinger-Lovett description of the free ion system. The coexistence curve and critical point parameters are obtained as a function of Rc by grandcanonical Monte Carlo techniques. Our results show that this dependence is smooth but nonmonotonic and converges asymptotically towards the free ion case for relatively small values of Rc . This fact allows us to describe the gas-liquid transition in the free ion model as a transition between two dimerized fluid phases. The role of the unpaired ions can be considered as a perturbation of this picture
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