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Self-stimulatory behaviour: application of overcorrection and reinforcement in a mental handicap case

 

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Opened Access Self-stimulatory behaviour: application of overcorrection and reinforcement in a mental handicap case
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Author: Moreno García, Inmaculada
Rodríguez Testal, Juan Francisco
Rodríguez Santos, María Dolores
Department: Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico
Date: 1997
Published in: Psychology in Spain, 1 (1), 166-173
Document type: Article
Abstract: La sobrecorrección (práctica positiva o combinación de instrucciones verbales y guía física), resultó efectiva sobre una conducta autoestimulatoria en un sujeto con deficiencia mental. En este trabajo, también se analiza la efectividad del reforzamiento positivo para reducir la conducta alterada, administrado tras cumplir un criterio temporal sin emisión de la misma. El tratamiento fue progresivamente efectivo requiriendo en principio una guía física total, luego parcial y al final bastando con la instrucción verbal. Por último, el apoyo terapéutico de un coterapeuta, auxiliar de un aula, demostró la facilidad de aplicación del tratamiento, sus buenos resultados y las interesantes posibilidades con vista a la terapia aplicada en la escuela. Over-correction (positive practice or combination of verbal instructions and physical guide) proved to be an effective method for the modification of mentally handicapped person behaviour. In this paper, the effectiveness of positive reinforcement for the reduction of the behavioural disorder is also analysed. Reinforcement was administered after a time criterion without behaviour was reached. Treatment was progressively effective, having required initially a complete physical guide, which was replaced by a partial guide and, finally, by verbal instructions. The therapeutic help of a classroom assistant acting as co-therapist during the final phases demonstrated the ease of implementation of the treatment, its good results and its interesting possibilities with regard to applications in schools.
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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11441/29872

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