Modeling the thermal evolution of enzyme-created bubbles in DNA
Archilla, Juan F. R.
|Department||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Física Aplicada I|
|Published in||Interface 2(2), 89–95|
|Abstract||The formation of bubbles in nucleic acids (NAs) is fundamental in many biological processes
such as DNA replication, recombination, telomere formation and nucleotide excision repair,
as well as RNA transcription and ...
The formation of bubbles in nucleic acids (NAs) is fundamental in many biological processes such as DNA replication, recombination, telomere formation and nucleotide excision repair, as well as RNA transcription and splicing. These processes are carried out by assembled complexes with enzymes that separate selected regions of NAs. Within the frame of a nonlinear dynamics approach, we model the structure of the DNA duplex by a nonlinear network of coupled oscillators. We show that, in fact, from certain local structural distortions, there originate oscillating localized patterns, that is, radial and torsional breathers, which are associated with localized H-bond deformations, reminiscent of the replication bubble. We further study the temperature dependence of these oscillating bubbles. To this aim, the underlying nonlinear oscillator network of the DNA duplex is brought into contact with a heat bath using the Nose´–Hoover method. Special attention is paid to the stability of the oscillating bubbles under the imposed thermal perturbations. It is demonstrated that the radial and torsional breathers sustain the impact of thermal perturbations even at temperatures as high as room temperature. Generally, for non-zero temperature, the H-bond breathers move coherently along the double chain, whereas at TZ0 standing radial and torsional breathers result.