MRI for Guided Right and Left HeartCardiac Catheterization: A ProspectiveStudy in Congenital Heart Disease
|Autor/es||Velasco Forte, Mari Nieves
Valverde Pérez, Israel
|Departamento||Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Farmacología, Pediatría y Radiología|
|Resumen||Background: Improvements in outcomes for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) have increased the need for
diagnostic and interventional procedures. Cumulative radiation risk is a growing concern. MRI-guided ...
Background: Improvements in outcomes for patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) have increased the need for diagnostic and interventional procedures. Cumulative radiation risk is a growing concern. MRI-guided interventions are a promising ionizing radiation-free, alternative approach. Purpose: To assess the feasibility of MRI-guided catheterization in young patients with CHD using advanced visualization passive tracking techniques. Study Type: Prospective. Population: A total of 30 patients with CHD referred for MRI-guided catheterization and pulmonary vascular resistance analysis (median age/weight: 4 years / 15 kg). Field Strength/Sequence: 1.5T; partially saturated (pSAT) real-time single-shot balanced steady-state free-precession (bSSFP) sequence. Assessment: Images were visualized by a single viewer on the scanner console (interactive mode) or using a commercially available advanced visualization platform (iSuite, Philips). Image quality for anatomy and catheter visualization was evalu ated by three cardiologists with >5 years’ experience in MRI-catheterization using a 1–5 scale (1, poor, 5, excellent). Cathe ter balloon signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), blood and myocardium SNR, catheter balloon/blood contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), balloon/myocardium CNR, and blood/myocardium CNR were measured. Procedure findings, feasibility, and adverse events were recorded. A fraction of time in which the catheter was visible was compared between iSuite and the interactive mode. Statistical Tests: T-test for numerical variables. Wilcoxon signed rank test for categorical variables. Results: Nine patients had right heart catheterization, 11 had both left and right heart catheterization, and 10 had single ventricle circulation. Nine patients underwent solely MRI-guided catheterization. The mean score for anatomical visualiza tion and contrast between balloon tip and soft tissue was 3.9 0.9 and 4.5 0.7, respectively. iSuite provided a signifi cant improvement in the time during which the balloon was visible in relation to interactive imaging mode (66 17% vs. 46 14%, P < 0.05).
|Cita||Velasco Forte, M.N., Roujol, S., Ruijsink, B., Valverde Pérez, I., Duong, P., Byrne, N. y Pushparajah, K. (2021). MRI for Guided Right and Left HeartCardiac Catheterization: A ProspectiveStudy in Congenital Heart Disease. Journal of magnetic resonance imaging, 53 (5), 1446-1457.|