Now showing items 1-10 of 12
Gene-Diet Interactions in Type 2 Diabetes: The Chicken and Egg Debate
Consistent evidence from both experimental and human studies indicates that Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease resulting from the interaction of genetic, epigenetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. ...
EGF-induced adipose tissue mesothelial cells undergo functional vascular smooth muscle differentiation
(Nature Publishing Group, 2014)
Recent studies suggested that the post-natal mesothelium retain differentiative potential of the embryonic mesothelium, which generates fibroblasts and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), in developing coelomic organs ...
LRH-1 agonism favours an immune-islet dialogue which protects against diabetes mellitus
(Nature Publishing Group, 2018-04-16)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is due to the selective destruction of islet beta cells by immune cells. Current therapies focused on repressing the immune attack or stimulating beta cell regeneration still have limited ...
The type 2 diabetes-associated HMG20A gene is mandatory for islet beta cell functional maturity article
(Springer Nature [academic journals on nature.com, 2018)
HMG20A (also known as iBRAF) is a chromatin factor involved in neuronal differentiation and maturation. Recently small nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the HMG20A gene have been linked to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) ...
miR-7 Modulates hESC Differentiation into Insulin-Producing Beta-like Cells and Contributes to Cell Maturation
(The American Society of Gene and Cell Therapy, 2018-09-07)
Human pluripotent stem cells retain the extraordinary capacity to differentiate into pancreatic beta cells. For this particular lineage, more effort is still required to stress the importance of developing an efficient, ...
Zn2+ chelation by serum albumin improves hexameric Zn2+ -insulin dissociation into monomers after exocytosis
(Public Library of Science, 2017)
β-cells release hexameric Zn2+-insulin into the extracellular space, but monomeric Zn2+-free insulin appears to be the only biologically active form. The mechanisms implicated in dissociation of the hexamer remain unclear, ...
Derivation of HVR1, HVR2 and HVR3 human embryonic stem cell lines from IVF embryos after preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for monogenic disorder
From 106 human blastocyts donate for research after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for monogenetic disorder, 3 human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) HVR1, HVR2 and HVR3 were successfully ...
Impact of transient down-regulation of DREAM in human embryonic stem cell pluripotency: The role of DREAM in the maintenance of hESCs
Little is knownabout the functions of downstreamregulatory element antagonist modulator (DREAM) inembryonic stem cells (ESCs). However, DREAM interacts with cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in a Ca2+-dependent ...
Therapeutic Potential of Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Cancer Therapy
(Frontiers Media S.A., 2020)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are among the most frequently used cell type for regenerative medicine. A large number of studies have shown the beneficial effects of MSC-based therapies to treat different pathologies, ...