Now showing items 1-10 of 11
Relevance of chronic stress and the two faces of microglia in Parkinson’s disease
(rontiers Research Foundation, 2015)
This review is aimed to highlight the importance of stress and glucocorticoids (GCs) in modulating the inflammatory response of brain microglia and hence its potential involvement in Parkinson’s ...
Spatio-temporal activation of caspase-8 in myeloid cells upon ischemic stroke
(BioMed Central, 2016)
Ischemic stroke (caused by thrombosis, embolism or vasoconstriction) lead to the recruitment and activation of immune cells including resident microglia and infiltrating peripheral macrophages, which contribute to an ...
Neuromelanin activates proinflammatory microglia through a caspase-8-dependent mechanism
(BioMed Central, 2015)
Background We have uncovered a caspase-dependent (caspase-8/caspase-3/7) signaling governing microglia activation and associated neurotoxicity. Importantly, a profuse non-nuclear activation of cleaved caspases 8 and 3 was ...
Peripheral inflammation increases the damage in animal models of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration: Possible implication in parkinson's disease incidence
(Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011)
Inflammatory processes described in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and its animal models appear to be important in the progression of the pathogenesis, or even a triggering factor. Here we review that peripheral inflammation ...
Divergent Effects of Metformin on an Inflammatory Model of Parkinson’s Disease
(Frontiers Media, 2018)
The oral antidiabetic drug metformin is known to exhibit anti-inflammatory properties through activation of AMP kinase, thus protecting various brain tissues as cortical neurons, for example. However, the effect of metformin ...
Peripheral Inflammation Enhances Microglia Response and Nigral Dopaminergic Cell Death in an in vivo MPTP Model of Parkinson’s Disease
(Frontiers Media, 2018)
The impact of systemic inflammation in nigral dopaminergic cell loss remains unclear. Here, we have investigated the role of peripheral inflammation induced by systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration in the ...
Stress Increases Vulnerability to Inflammation in the Rat Prefrontal Cortex
(Society for Neuroscience, 2006)
Inflammation could be involved in some neurodegenerative disorders that accompany signs of inflammation. However, because sensitivity to inflammation is not equal in all brain structures, a direct relationship is not clear. ...
Reformulating Pro-Oxidant Microglia in Neurodegeneration
In neurodegenerative diseases, microglia-mediated neuroinflammation and oxidative stress are central events. Recent genome-wide transcriptomic analyses of microglial cells under different disease conditions have uncovered ...
Inflammatory animal model for parkinson’s disease: the intranigral injection of LPS induced the inflammatory process along with the selective degeneration of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons
(A. Conti and A. Lewen, 2011)
We have developed an animal model of degeneration of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons, the neuronal system involved in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The implication of neuroinflammat ion on this disease was originally ...
Chronic stress enhances microglia activation and exacerbates death of nigral dopaminergic neurons under conditions of inflammation
(BioMed Central, 2014)
Background: Parkinson’s disease is an irreversible neurodegenerative disease linked to progressive movement disorders and is accompanied by an inflammatory reaction that is believed to contribute to its pathogenesis. ...